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????????骇???浜虹被?板??????浠?涔??

???棰??????????骇???浜虹被?板??????浠?涔?? ???路???娌??锛?olly Dunsworth锛??缃?痉

???棰??????????骇???浜虹被?板??????浠?涔??

绾佃??╃?杩?????涔???诧???滑浼???颁?涓??瓒g?浜??锛?ぇ澶???堕?????ㄧ?浠??涓轰?浜ら???氦????ぇ绾??浜垮勾???楸肩被??负????ㄧ?涓??涓?涓???颁氦???涓虹??╃????绁??????剁?澧?腑锛?奔绫诲??朵?涓?浜??绉??娓????????浜ら????娈??浠g??藉????杩??浜?ぇ?ㄥ??╃????锛?氦??苟娌℃?浠?涔??????????????х?瀵逛?灞???甸?绫诲??╃???滑????存????朵??ㄩ??mdash;—?х??藉?甯??浜虹被绻??瀛????唬??汉浠??瑕??瑙e?浜??х????宸辩┒绔??浣????????灏?汉涓烘??ユ????筹???????????杩??瀵逛汉绫荤????浜х?浜?????х?褰卞?锛???х????濠?????诲?濂冲?缁??瀹跺涵??ぞ浼?????锛?????浜虹被琛?负?戒??充??х????韬??婧????????炽????夸?娈垫??撮?锛??浼??杩??璁鸿??圭?浜轰??磋?涓轰汉绫荤??х????琛??浜插??崇郴涓??浠??涔冲??╃?浜ら????琛??浜插??崇郴???浜??????ㄦ????浠?滑澶ч??归???氨浜ら?杩?釜??????锛?汉绫诲??扮?涓??浠????氦???涓虹??╃??????川?哄???/p>

?????浜ら?瀹??绻????唬????╅????寮虹???ldquo;?у???rdquo;??????绉???╁け?绘?у????瀹?滑寰?揩灏变???骸???浜?ぇ澶???ㄧ????锛??у??ㄤ?????板氨瑕?敖蹇???版弧瓒炽???姝ゅ????灏?贩???瀵???????????浼?ぇ澹板????????诲????浜ら?姣????????浼???哄0?炽????╂?娉???у??ㄨ????瑙????杩??у??ㄤ???ldquo;绻???插?锛??灏??澶???╁?浜ら??舵病???绻????唬???娉????浠?????х?????汉瀵?????锛?????涓???????????虫??颁???????姣??缃????氦???纭??缁?ぞ浼??绯昏?涓哄????缇ゅ??轰钩?ㄧ?锛?挨?舵??甸?绫诲??╋?甯??寰??濂藉????寰???村?????寸???兢涓?????ч?琚???父???宸?ldquo;浠绘???ぇ澶???扮??跨??朵翰???浠????????涓????????茶???????т氦???杩??浠ラ?姝㈡?缇ら??朵????涓???ф?瑙???????浜虹被浜ら????寮???朵?浠讳??ㄧ??戒?涓??枫???浠?????瀵瑰?濂崇??ㄥ????濮诲?绯汇????层???瀛????杩???茬??????????哄?宸ョ????姝や??ワ??х?渚垮????????????????涓?????????????/p>

浜虹被涓轰?涔???靛阀?????????х?澶ц????浜??????圭?涔??浜х???????缇??宕??锛???朵腑??????甯稿??????浠??绁??杩???烘????杩????????烘?????????弧娲诲???ぇ瑙?ā?挎不娲诲???????椤句汉绫诲?灞??绋?腑??????杩规?锛??浠?父甯镐?蹇借?涓?涓???????浜虹被????拌?宸变????浜烘?浜茬??崇郴锛?????浜?汉娌℃?浜茬??崇郴???浠??寰????杩???拌薄???????藉氨??氦?????寰??璇达??や汉绫荤?杩???虫?浜х?浜??涔?繁杩??褰卞?锛??浜虹被???缁?不?扮?璧峰?浜??灏??甯??浣????/p>

娴?????涓??婊℃?х????锛??瀛??瀵规?х????娴?????瓒c????讹?杩????????????????姝ゅぇ瑙?ā????╄???椿?ㄦ?濡????????浠??浼??浼???虹?杩??????碉?浜ら???В绛??浜??棰???抽???????缁??杩??璁鸿??癸????浜??瀛?rdquo;?????????缁??涓?浠f???负瀹?滑?藉府?╁??╁??瑰????涓???$?娈???裤???灏辨??????????绌朵氦???绻??????讹?绉??瀹跺挨?跺?娆?娇?ㄦ?ч??????锛???╂?х???????????????氦???????炽???杩??瑙?????涓??绉??瀹跺????瑕??杩??绛??璁ゅ?涓轰汉绫讳氦?????濮诲?浜插??崇郴??捣婧????绉??瀹剁??ワ?杩??杩??绛??璁╂?浠???辩?缁???借????瀛???ワ?骞朵????浜?????????藉???/p>

?㈣?涔??濡??浣????富娴??杈惧???????瑙??锛??涓??灏变?瀹???у?浜ら?琛?负????????浜??????剁??ㄧ?锛????汉绫伙???氦???涓猴?浣垮??╀滑?藉????涓??绻????????姝わ?杩???哄?锛??瀹?滑???у???氦???涓猴?灏?案杩??瀛???ㄧ?缇や?涔?腑???????剁?涓??浜?????杩??绠?????d?涓??涓??搴??瀛???у??╁???ソ???????у???????缁??妯″?锛??濡??澶??濡诲?——璇???敞锛???哄?????跺????缁??妯″?锛??濡??澶??濡诲????濡诲?澶??——璇???敞锛???哄???/p>

浜虹被??????????ㄤ?灏??????哄?锛???汉绫讳??朵??甸?绫诲??╃??稿??哄??伴??村???????瀛??搴??锛???╃???????╃????浜虹被?崇郴??浜茶???ldquo;浜叉????浠??杩?袱绉???╀????????????????绉版?浜恒??????????у?榛???╁?????╃???氦???涓猴???滑???瑕??绌跺?浠?究??互寰?ソ?颁?瑙h?宸便??病??汉?藉???????浜?????瀹??濠寸????涓猴?涔?病??汉?藉???????浜?????瀹??浜虹被瀵逛贡璁鸿?涓洪?甯告?瑙???负浠?涔???╃????浜??瀛??甯稿?娆㈡?姝绘????锛?负浠?涔?汉绫荤ぞ浼??涓?????涓?????瀛??涔变鸡绂??锛??绉??瀹剁??ワ???????妗???舵??哄?锛?????甸?绫诲??╀????瀛???у???濠磋?涓哄??佃Е涔变鸡????????姝や??ワ?杩??蹇??瀛??杩??璁轰究?戒??村箍???瑙?害浠ユ?娓?????璁烘??跺????瑙d汉绫荤??х?——浜虹被???х?涔?????ㄧ???氦??ā???璁恒??/p>

1997 骞达?蹇??瀛???茶???middot;骞冲?锛?teven Pinker锛??????烘?濂????How the Mind Works锛??涔?腑???锛?ldquo;浜虹被??氦??郴缁???朵?浠讳??ㄧ??戒?涓??枫???杩?????浜虹被??氦??郴缁??澶???卞??╀氦??郴缁?????????у????浜???????????涓??绉???╃?浜ら?绯荤?涓??????般??rdquo;??2004 骞村???????寮????涔?腑锛??????茬??╁?瀹堕??煎痉·?╄?锛?rmand Leroi锛??骞冲???己纭???硅?琛???荤?锛?ldquo;??浮???娴?汉???????舵???瀹??涓??风???rdquo;???浜??????╀氦??郴缁???烘?娉????????ч???——???浣?????锛??ч????戒互?镐技???寮?┍浣垮?浠??琛??娈??涓恒???缁??璁鸿?涓猴?褰卞??ㄧ?????т即渚g????锛??濡?????????熬宸村??蜂汉娴?????椤伙?瀹??涓??浼???哄?????ㄤ??般????ヨ?璇达?杩??澶???瑰?浠h〃浜?釜浣??????哄??借〃杈惧?寮哄.?????搴风??х?淇℃????姝ゆ?浠???????浠?????涓?ぇ?″????浜猴??存?涓?绯诲??介?浼????唬????╁??????缁??璁烘???浜?汉绫荤?娈??涓轰腑???????规?э?浣挎?浠???朵??ㄧ????浜????揪灏??涓讳????浜虹被???澶?氦???涓哄?娣讳?绁??????插僵???浠??涓鸿???汉绫荤?澶╂??rdquo;锛??浠ョ被?ㄩ???浜??浠???跨被?ㄧ????涓???逛??颁?浠?滑瀵逛????纭??瀛??璁虹???????姝や??ワ?浜轰滑渚夸骇???寰??濂?????虫?——?蜂汉???????翠?浠??绀句?涓?????娌诲?浣??濂充汉???????村ス浠??涓??瀵绘?缇や?涓???锋?ч?琚??涓?澶??濡诲?绗???蜂汉??ぉ?э?涓?澶??濡诲?绗??濂充汉??ぉ??hellip;??父???锛?汉浠??涓虹??х??村?琛?负??????绋??缁??浜虹??哄?璐㈠????璁烘?娈存?瀛╁???户?惰????姝诲?瀛?????ч??╃?锛?袱??????涓鸿?????ㄦ????????稿?????患涓??杩帮?浜虹被渚夸骇???涓?浜?ldquo;?绘??拌薄锛???у??╂???????у??╂?????/p>

??滑寰??蹇??濂藉ソ??┒涓?涓??浜?繁?ヤ汉蹇???绘??拌薄锛??涓哄?浠??绀轰?浜虹被??捣涓?护浜哄????宸茬??????矾锛??浠???朵??ㄧ????涓鸿В???宸辩?琛?负锛???ㄨ?宸辩?琛?负瑙i??朵??ㄧ????涓恒??/p>

?规?浼??杩??璁鸿??癸?澶??缁?不?颁???a href="https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2FBF02557646?LI=true" rel="nofollow">????/a>榛????/a>???浠???跨被?ㄧ?涔??浠ヤ???姝绘?缇ら???????锛???????浠?????浜??瀛?????宸辩????涓绘?杩??璁虹?瑙?害?ョ?锛?????涓?????瑙??锛??涓烘?涓?涓???╃??界?????芥????瀛?椿骞剁?琛??浠c?????????????ㄧ?浜?腑??触浣???哄?锛??灏辨?濂戒????????╄???浣??澶辫触???澶??浠や汉娆㈡?榧?????姝诲?浜虹?瀛╁????澶??缁?不?颁????х??哄?锛???ㄤ????у??╁?娲讳??ョ???唬浣??锛?氨?芥??????????ㄦ????瓒??锛??浜??????哄????????瀛??灏辨?杩??娈????/p>

浜轰滑?宠?娑??浜虹被?ц?涓哄??朵??甸?绫诲??╀氦???涓轰??寸??哄?锛????????妫????汉璁猴?anthropomorphism锛??浜??????╂????浠???╀汉?????mdash;—璇???敞锛?究搴??????????凹?ゆ???middot;??痉锛?icholas Wade锛????航绾???ャ??????涓????????ч??╃???????惧?浜??姝诲?浠??涓轰????宸卞?瀛???扮??裤???姝ら??т??ㄦ?娆℃??瀛??涓?敖???澶?????т釜浜轰氦???灏介?妯$???唬涓?换浣??涓???т??寸?浜插??崇郴??rdquo;杩?〃??汉绫讳互澶???朵??甸?绫诲??╃???簿瀛??杞????????锛???氦???涓哄?????????????缁??绋????澶??杩?〃???浠???跨被?ㄧ?瀵逛翰缂??绯绘???璁よ?锛??娴蜂腑瀛???朵翰???蹇点??????????凤??i?寰风????灏卞???负浜?????????????杩颁??ㄧ???氦???涓哄??村?琛??锛?娇涔??璧锋?????????娓告????????村?甯搞??????浜轰滑???绉?В???浠ョ?寰???????负???涓??涓虹?瀛?郴缁??瑙i?骞舵病??????锛???х?????ぇ?╃?????╃?浼??姝绘????锛??瀹?滑涓?お浼??姝讳????涓??宸变氦??????ц韩杈圭??扮??匡???负?甸?绫诲??╀??村?浜ら?涔??渚夸?浜х?????崇郴锛???т???负???х??????rdquo;??/p>

?ㄦ?浜鸿?瑙i??ㄧ????琛???ョ?璧锋?璇辨?????°????ラ??卞?涓??????讳?锛??绉??瀹朵????骞稿?????跨被?ㄧ?瀛???ㄦ?·璧??杩??Sarah Hrdy锛??绌朵????х??寸?浜?????х??寸?椤捐?宸卞?浠g??????ス?ㄣ???浜插??朵?浜恒???Mothers and Others锛??涔?腑??弧?茶????锛?ldquo;??负娌¤?琛?DNA 妫?娴????浠ョ??存?????ラ??扮??跨??朵翰绌剁??????rdquo;瀹??涓?????瀵艰????х??翠??ラ??扮??跨?浜叉?璋????????娈??璇??reproductive consciousness锛??浜ら??界?琛??浠o???己澶便???姝f???负娌℃???????锛???存??规?娌℃??朵翰????ldquo;??????蹇点???浣块??х??撮????ч【??繁??唬??????浜哄?瀛?????????朵???/p>

杩??璁哄?浜虹被浜ら?绛??璧锋?????充?浠?娇绉??浜х?浜??浜虹被????╁????惧?锛??浣跨?瀛???ユ贩娌?悍涔憋??惧?浜????汉??rdquo;??淮????朵??ㄧ???/p>

浣??濡???ュ?瀹躲??汉绫诲?瀹朵腹灏煎?·娉㈢淮???锛?aniel Povinelli锛?????????跨?澶?〃涔?????瀵????Behind the Ape’s Appearance锛?腑??瑷?锛?ldquo;濡??榛???╀??界?瑙g?涓?????浣???f?浠?究缁?父??瑕??瀹??涓?????璁鸿В??汉绫诲?榛???╃?琛?负???渚挎??????袱???琛?负??捣?ュ?涔???????滑渚??瑕???跺?涓???????rdquo;榛???╀??ラ?浠?涔?????锛???藉????瑙i????锛??涓??褰?撼?????????寰??浣??浠???藉????????剁??扮?涓??宸х┛姊?????峰?浠???ラ?浜ら?琛?负??????浣???藉?寰????釜???宸辩?瀛╁???汉绫讳??跨????涓烘?璐ㄤ???父绫讳技锛????滑?ラ?绻????唬????у?????规?с???浜虹被涓??????锋?у?濂虫?у?浠ユ????浠e????濮??锛??浠??浜茬??崇郴??俊蹇靛????绀句????娌荤?澧??浜插?缁ф???滑???绉??褰㈣?浜у???舰璧?骇??汉绫荤户?挎????澶??绋?害??О涓句????锛???ㄧ????涓?换浣??浠?????涓??姣??????/p>

??滑瑕??涓?绯诲????瑙i?涓轰?涔??浜??娌诲?浣??榛???╀???姝讳???繁娌℃?浜茬??崇郴?????????浠???ヨВ???涓???????滑杩??灏???╃????涓轰?浜虹被瀹跺涵???娈?????姣??瀹跺涵?村?锛?交搴???哄?寮??ャ??/p>

浜虹被???澶??濡诲?缁??浜?极?跨?婕??杩??锛????绌跺???????浜??澶???峰奖???????广????凤?杩??瑙??涔?病???璇??浜虹被???娈??с????跨被?ㄧ?瀛??浼?撼寰?middot;娌?僵锛?ernard Chapais锛?????濮?汉??翰灞??绯汇???缁??缁??浜虹被涓?澶??濡诲????绯昏?缁?ぞ浼????绯昏?缁?ぞ浼??寮?????锛?负浜?????浜茬?娈?????灞??绋?????朵?寰??绉??瀹朵??凤?娌?僵涔??涓轰汉绫荤??圭?浜ら?涔?????搴??????????????ч????????父瑙???????浠???ワ??????????ч???瀵瑰?浜??瀹?????澧??????瑰???姹???ㄧ?????存??╋???负瀹?滑浣跨?浜??娈??浜ら?绛?????浣╁?寰???朵?绉??瀹堕?琛ㄧず锛??瑙d汉绫荤?浜ら?绛???朵???瑕??????滑瀵圭?娈??涓虹????????????/p>

浜轰滑???璁や负濠村????????ㄦ?澶??宸ㄥぇ锛??姝や汉绫讳负浜?????????????灞??涓?澶??濡诲???汉绫荤?濠村?浣?Н宸ㄥぇ锛???崇?椋??澶э?锛???插??界?绔??娲荤???害涔???????姝ら?浜??姣????浜茬?浼?????濡逛?澶??瀛╁?????ャ???浜蹭互???浜插?????朵?浜叉?涔????????琛?负锛?llomother锛??浜??浜蹭?澶???朵?浜虹?椤惧┐?跨?琛?负锛??????负濡??锛?汉绫绘??界?琛??浠?????澹?ぇ???涓虹郴缁??璁虹??哄??癸?杩?釜瑙i????涓??澶?樊?层???涓??璁鸿?澶?В??负浠?涔??浠???跨被?ㄧ?锛??濡???村??ㄧ?锛?腑浼???版????椤炬??????ldquo;?朵翰????ф???ldquo;涓????rdquo;??釜???宸辩???唬????讹?杩????璋??涓????????浠????唬???瑙d?浜虹被瀹??涓???????????????村??憋???????冲?涓???ワ??挎??ч【??唬????ф???mdash;—瀹?滑?ユ????浼??锛??浠ュ?杩?釜琛?负???涓????????哄??????澶╁?涔??瀛????唬?借?瀛???ч【?扮??裤???琛ㄩ??ョ?锛??涓?汉绫荤?琛?负??父?镐技锛??涓?己灏??浠????汉绫讳翰瀛??绯诲甫?ョ?澶??褰卞?缃????/p>

浠??寮????????澶ц?绋?害?ョ?锛??浠???朵??ㄧ?宸??澶?????浼间????涓??甯稿????瑙?????????戒???ldquo;?ㄧ????????ㄦ???疆婀跨?瑙??骞戒?锛???????浜鸿????缁??瑾????汉绫荤??ф?涓?俊浠般???璇?????????????????讳互????ユ??炽?????????锛?汉绫诲?濠?Щ????????汉???濮诲??虹??朵究琚????ソ锛??澶х?褰卞?浜????腑???ц?涓恒??????浼????a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3083418/" rel="nofollow">??┒琛ㄦ?锛??濮诲?瀹????父?よ???浜虹被琛?负??汉绫婚?浠ヨ?????扮ぞ浼?????澧?奖??????浣??浠ヨ??ㄦ?绉??搴?????锛????汉?芥?娉???ㄨ??辩??冲???繁???濮汇??????绉??杩??杩??涓????浼翠荆?瑰?????拌В??????朵?绀句??у??╀??凤???滑浼?负浜??澶轰即渚h??????浜??涔???ㄦ???即渚h?绋?腑????e????涓??浠????负??滑?宠???即渚e????у?绯伙??存???负??滑?宠???即渚d?璧风?琛??浠c???濮绘??崇?涓や釜瀹舵????????????瑕??璧锋?????????????娈??璇??浠????汉绫讳氦???涓虹?浜х???????瀹??????ユ?澶х?搴???瑰?浜??浠??浜ら?琛?负??/p>

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???浠???ワ?浜虹被???涓?涓?绉???辨??存?????宸辨?瀹???ヤ??颁?瑗跨??ㄧ???????绌剁?浠?????锛?????瀵??娉???拌?涓??棰??绛?????浠??椤婚?浼??涓?????浠?ぉ??????甯歌?涓轰?瀵规??ヤ骇??????х?褰卞????瑷?涔????滑瑕???藉??╃??虹????涔????????浜ら?琛?负??????????╂??瀛???堕??垮害涓??锛??????瑕????ぉ锛????瑕?袱涓??锛?ぇ?╃???哺楸奸?瑕??涓??锛?ぇ璞″???瑕??杩?袱骞淬?????????╃??ㄥ?????板??╁???瀛???翠??т?浜ら?????舵??瀛???堕?涓???瑰?锛??杩??纭??缂╃??????娆′氦???涓轰??扮??垮?????寸??堕??撮???????渚垮?姝わ??ㄧ?浠??????ュぉ椹??绌虹??宠薄????藉?浜ら?琛?负涓???瀛?互????????郴璧锋?????????????浜虹被?ユ?杩???宠薄绌洪????姝や?澶??璇???藉?涔???ヤ????浣?????璞″????瑷???汉绫诲??扮?娈??璇????????锛??浠??浜虹被?藉??????璞$?姒?康骞朵????浜ゆ???繁??В????????????涔??浜虹被渚跨?瑙d?浜ら???????涔????????绯汇??????浠?????澶??浠?氦???杩??濠村??卞???????绋??杩??姝ュ??????捣涓???????????娈??璇???颁???病澶??锛?汉绫诲?瀛??浜???ㄨ???????璇翠汉?茶???/p>

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??滑涓????汉绫荤?????╀?浣??寮?濮??寮哄ぇ???璞″???В?借薄姒?康锛??涓????汉浠?????浣???靛?涓???????浜??浜?濂充汉+?朵??宠薄???=?扮??裤???澶??绉????瀛????????浜?汉绫诲??扮?娈??璇???烘?锛??濡??·濂ュ?锛?ean M Auel锛?????????????The Clan of the Cave Bear锛??姝ゅ???画浣????椹?渤璋枫???The Valley of Horses锛????寮?绉?够浣??涓??锛??浠??瀹??澶???界????骞寸???┒绔???????????绋???ユ??????????杩??浜虹被璁ょ?????插??界???滑???涓?浜??瓒g?绾跨储??/p>

瀛??浣跨?????や汉绫绘?渚??瀹?吹???涔??浼??璁╀?浠??澶??瀵??????╄川??舰??浆???绋????杩??????や汉绫讳究灏??????╄川韬??瀛?????瑗垮??ㄥ?浜ら????娈?????????璇??琛ㄦ?锛???╁?浼?娇?ㄧ????涓?缇ょ?娲诲?璺??澶х害???涓?勾????寸?浜猴?Homo erectus锛????浠??浣???哄?浣??浠?ぉ??a href="http://science.sciencemag.org/content/304/5671/725" rel="nofollow">浠ヨ???/a>澧????????骞翠??????滑??璇寸??轰汉锛?omo sapiens锛?????瀹??杩?????浜虹被涔??浼?????楗????瑙??杩??涓???风?楦???借??や汉绫昏?璇????????瀹?舰?剁?娑蹭???缁?浆???灏?????绋???????绉??楠???や汉绫荤??ㄤ??扮??跨?绻??杩??涓????澶х害???骞?/a>?????床涓???ㄦ?浠o?Middle Stone Age of Africa锛?????浜虹被绗??娆$?姝e?浼???ㄩ傅楦??澹?mdash;—灏??浣?负姘寸?杩?????瀛???ㄣ???????d??????滑??????宸叉????璞℃??淮??/p>

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???璇??琛ㄦ?浜虹被??????????淮?藉?锛????????ャ????诲??板?锛???藉?浜?????????????捣?ョ?纾ㄦ?妤???????浠????????璇??浜???╄???璇??瀛?????涓??????e?澶ф?璧锋?浜?a href="http://www.pnas.org/content/110/5/1584.short" rel="nofollow">涓??句????涓?勾涔??锛??灏辨??寸?浜哄????浼???冲ご?????娉???舵??х??跺??????????滑濮??杩??涓?????绔?汉???浣??寰?氦???浜茬??崇郴???????????浠??澶ц??????В??????锛??瀹???╁??藉舰????轰汉?舵????渚垮?姝わ???????渚????????锛??杩芥函?板ぇ绾?????骞村?涓??涓?勾涔?????浜虹?澶ц?缁??涓?娈垫??寸????杩?????澶??浠d汉澶ц????峰?????????浠ョ?娈??璇??????借捣婧????杩?????骞淬?????璇??涔?????涓???癸??轰汉灏??宸卞???簿濡??璞℃??淮???????诲???3???澶村?宀╃?涓?????杩??娲?┐??互姝や负棰??杩??澹???????/p>

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??????瀵瑰??插?灞?骇???宸ㄥぇ褰卞????涓????汉绫诲?瑙?ā杈?ぇ??ぞ浼???村?寤虹?璧蜂?涓?澶??濡诲?????父???锛??浠??浼??榛???╁?????╃??f?婊ヤ氦????舵?澶ч????????у????绯荤??轰?锛????滑?藉??靛?璇辨?????讹??鸿建?拌薄??‘瀛?????杩?ぇ?ㄥ????杩???戒????宸卞??????????蹇??锛?氨?????????寮???ぇ?╃???a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23877831" rel="nofollow">?胯???/a>涓??枫???澶?????澶???跺?????ゆ???????????害锛?????瀹?腑涓?澶??濡诲?杩????涓哄父瑙??濠?Щ褰㈠????渚垮???????????剁ぞ浼??涓?澶??濡诲?渚????富娴???集绾冲痉·娌?僵锛?ernard Chapais锛???朵?绉??瀹舵?娴?О锛???绘??句?骞撮????浜??绯诲?????浆绉伙?ecological shift锛??姣?????姣??涓虹????ф??????????锛???汉绫讳?澶??濡诲???????寮???藉氨???杩?釜杩??涓????褰㈡?????????堕????绉伙?浜虹被?㈡??ㄨ?澶х?绀句??????????褰㈡???淮???涓??у?绯荤??藉?????????娈??璇??瀵规?浣╄??圭?琛ュ?杩??瀹???夸唬娌?僵瑙?????涓?绉???矾锛??璁哄?浣?????????藉??藉?浜虹被杩??杩??涓??婕?????浣????/p>

浜虹被???ч???杩????父???????夸?娈垫??村?锛??浜茬??崇郴???琛??浠g?璁よ??藉奖?????滑瀵归??剁???????浜????璁烘?у??峰コ锛??瑕????〃?颁?绉???ぞ浼????????姣???????绉颁负浼??绀句?????????姣??娼??锛????????灏变?浣夸???弧?稿?????负浜??????ㄤ?璧凤??朵?浜洪?瑕??涓存?涓烘????绔??????凤?涓?汉??????ㄥ?搴??婧?赴瀵???挎???韩涔???ч???杩??涓??????广???娈??璇??澶??濂界??ㄥ??峰コ???锛????杩??褰卞?????藉?瓒??浼翠荆?崇郴锛??灞????勾???涔????????涓?涓??甯哥??圭?浜虹被?拌薄????朵翰韬?唤???璇??寮哄?浜??寮???寸??崇郴????堕??ч??╃?涔??涔????a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1876525/" rel="nofollow">????崇郴锛??瀹?滑涓????负???韬?唤?????????甯?????姣??浠???跨被?ㄧ????锛?汉绫荤ぞ浼???ㄦ?涓轰弗???浠讳汉??翰?拌薄——??滑浼??涓??宸辨?浜茬??崇郴??汉?村?甯????????涓烘?浠??瑙d翰缂??绯荤?姒?康锛?苟涓哄?璧??浜??娈???????环?笺??/p>

涓??澶??濡诲?涓??凤??ㄤ????澶????腑?藉??ㄤ贡浼??蹇????瀹??锛?贡浼??蹇?凡缁??涓轰?绉?a href="http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S016230959600074X" rel="nofollow">?ㄧ????????????/a>??????杩??璁鸿??疯В??贡浼??蹇??浜虹被??贡浼??蹇???ㄧ????浜?/a>???锛?nbreeding avoidance锛????????杩??绛??锛?富瑕??????叉???唬韬???虹?缃??涓???╀???????浼??х????澶???╅???????浜叉????浜插?浣??涔?????璋?????浜插?浣??????ф??????互涓??寸??ㄨ?宸卞??????兢涓??????ф????????ㄨ揪?扮?琛?勾榫??绂诲???兢锛???ф????涔??绂诲?锛???????浜插?浣??????版??稿??????????ㄩ?浜?汉绫荤??甸?绫诲??╁??朵??╃?涓??甯稿父瑙???跺甫?ョ?缁??灏辨?杩?氦????????????瀛??绌惰???汉浠?じ澶т?杩?翰绻??????┿??????锛??浜茬?娈???村?浠e??颁??╂?х?????芥?ф???滑?拌薄涓??浣??澶????????ㄧ??ㄤ氦???涓?????杩?氦??????锛??濡??绾圭?榧??banded mongoose锛?????ф?绾圭?榧??涔?????宸辩????浠ュ??朵翰浜ら?绻????/p>

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浜轰滑瀵逛氦???绻??杩??涓??瑕??х????涓??????????璁よ?娣卞?锛?汉浠??娓?????灞?????瀛???㈠?杩?釜???????扮??????ldquo;绮炬恫??????锛?eminal-priming锛?a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12896827" rel="nofollow">璁や负锛?コ?ф?瑙?簿娑茶????????藉?锛??涔???藉???瀛??绋?腑?虹?瀛????????锛??缁??????垮?瀛??????藉??ㄣ???浠ュ敖绠$????浠??浠ュ?娌℃??х???簿娑茬????涓???扮?琛??浣??骞朵???富娴?????舵????琛??娈????奖??????灞??涓??浜茬??崇郴锛????滑??父杩??浠ヨ?宸卞??靛???簿瀛??婧??澶??璁よ??ョ‘瀹?????甯?????绉?ぞ浼??绯汇???浠ヤ????缁???伴?涓????????锛??浜?濂充汉+?朵??宠薄???=?扮??裤???绠℃?浠????瀹??缁??锛??娈??璇??缁????汉绫昏????璇??????ㄥ?????圭?甯???╃兢宀???ゅ???????濡????航绾????????濮??瀛????/p>

姝e???滑涓?????????跺????璇??涓??凤???滑涔???ラ???????璧锋?浜???躲?????滑?ラ?锛??瑷????娈??璇??璇??浜??涔??涔???????娲叉??╁?绗??娆′?瀛ゅ?涓?????灞??瑙???讹?涔??璇?????娈??璇??姝ュ?浜??涓?????涓?涓???姐???涓轰汉绫伙???滑?借В???涓???镐??????瑗匡??藉???В?锋?у?绻??杩??涓?捣?扮?浣??锛??澶????汉涓?汉涔??瀛????翰缂??绯汇???浜?????澶х?褰卞?????滑??ぞ浼?????瀵逛?浜ら?瀵硅薄??????瀹??涔?负浜轰滑?ㄥぇ瑙?ā椤圭?涓?揪??箍娉??浣??瀹??纭????浜?????濉??????滑涓????????椹???ㄧ?锛??浜??????╂?????ㄥ?锛???寸??崇郴???姝ゅ??讹?浜虹被涓????????椹???ㄧ?涔?????绯诲?????ュ??扮???????褰卞???氨绠??娈??璇????汉绫讳?寮?濮?????锛??涔?繁?诲奖???浜虹被涓?????杞ㄨ抗???杩??杩??涓???ヨ????灏辨??????/p>

璁よ??扮?娈??璇??浜虹被杩??????ㄥ??ョ?宸ㄥぇ浣??涔??锛??浠?究?戒互?伴????寮???拌???ぇ?ㄥ???汉绫昏?涓恒??????浜虹被???ユ?????¤储瀵??浠讳?浜洪?涓????互涓烘???拷瑙?????浜虹被杩??杩??涓??婕?????瑙????????澶?互???璇存?????瑰?瑙i?涓轰?涔?汉浠???ㄥ?绾?コ锛???ㄩ?瀛???戒互??????姝讳?娓???辨?锛?????灏卞?涓?????娈??璇??????村?涓板?澶?僵锛??????ㄤ?绯诲??跺害???????哥户璇????/p>

???绉??瀹舵????璇?????瀵逛汉绫昏????绋??浜х???奖???????苟涓??浠???哄?锛?????濡??褰卞?浜?汉绫昏??????Not By Genes Alone: How Culture Transformed Human Evolution锛??涔?腑锛?汉绫诲?瀹剁???middot;???妫??Peter Richerson锛??缃?集??middot;???寰凤?Robert Boyd锛???烘?浠?????浜??浜??????跨被?ㄧ?绀句????????圭????хぞ浼???斤?绉??绀句?涓???哄?涓??????辫??????缁???插??????????хぞ浼???姐???浣挎?浠??澶??涓?澶х兢浜烘????浠?????寮??????rdquo;???锛?袱浣?汉绫诲?瀹惰?璁や负?????????хぞ浼????ldquo;浣垮???滑?藉???负?卞?????????涓?澶х兢?ㄦ???????涓??宸辨???翰缂??绯荤?涓??寮?灞??浣??褰㈡??朵??甸?绫诲??╀??峰???ぞ浼??缁?舰寮?rdquo;???杩?????妫?????寰烽?瀵逛汉绫荤ぞ浼??ч?棰???虹?瑙??杩?????浜??涓?????х????——????????/p>

????????????姣???╁??村己澶х????锛??涓??璇寸??╁????姣?????宸ㄥぇ????ㄣ???????宠???????????╁?????ㄤ汉绫婚?寤哄??ц?涓恒???у????琛??浜茬??崇郴???璇??绋?腑?借捣?颁?涓?瀹??浣????????????藉??胯揪???涓??骞寸??や汉绫诲伐?峰????涓??寰??甯???帮??e?涔??甯告????涓??村奖???浜轰滑???娈??琛??绋????璁稿?浜虹被???璐ㄦ?????朵??╃?杩??瀵规?姣??瀹规?锛??璇??浜虹被???璐ㄦ????????у?姣???俱?????????浠?涔??姣??琛??浠h???????????????

浜虹被瀛??灞?????绫讳技椹??璇哄か???杩??瀵圭?娈?俊浠板?浜茬??崇郴???绌舵?纭???板?褰??瀛????浜虹被杩?????瑙e?瀵圭????娲荤???????杩??绉???肩???┒???寮??瀛???跺?锛??涓烘?????插?瀹跺????璁╄?宸变????浜虹被杩??杩?????绌跺?娓???????瀹???ㄧ???滑涓???ㄦ?浠g???汉骞朵?????ㄤ??达??村?宸茬??????汉绫荤???ぇ涓??????/p>

?界?瀛??????????????娉??娓??浜???达?浣???????????瑕??娆″己璋???圭?浜虹被浜茬??崇郴浠ュ?浜茬??崇郴瀵瑰府?╂?浠??瑙g?????茬?????с??????涔??浜虹被缁?缓瀹跺涵???寮???朵??ㄧ????涓?????ㄣ?????汉绫讳翰缂??绯汇???Early Human Kinship锛??涔??锛?汉绫诲?瀹舵俯??middot;瑭瑰????Wendy James锛???辫????绉????汉???瀛??搴????????┒濡???ㄨ????瑙i?浜虹被缁?????榻??搴?rdquo;???浣??璇达?瑭瑰??????汉浠?ldquo;?ㄨ????瑙i?浜虹被濡??缁存?涓?澶??濡荤?濠?Щ?崇郴????夸?瀛╁?涔????翰瀛??绯伙?骞惰?涓?姝ュ??ㄨ?涓ょ??崇郴瀹?????绻????/p>

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(来源:未知)
(2017-10-21)

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